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Matière des vases top 3

Top 3 Vase Materials

What are the different materials that can be made from vases?

Ceramics

Ceramics appeared at the end of prehistory, that is to say around 3000 years before our era, and during the Neolithic period, that is to say between around 5800 and 2500 years before our era. Here we discover one of the first “arts of fire”.

Ceramics is made from clay (word of Greek origin "Keramos") which is heated to more or less high temperatures in order to give it different aspects and to cook the material to make it solid. We will use three main cooking temperatures which are:

  • - A low temperature around 650°C
  • - A so-called ceramic firing temperature is also called cone 5, which corresponds to a temperature of 1200°C
  • - A high temperature which will reach 1300°C.

For the firing of clay-based vases , a temperature of 1100°C should not be exceeded during the first firing to facilitate subsequent glazing.

For certain clays that are oilier than others, we will add sand called a degreaser, which facilitates two factors: modeling and drying. When adding sand, the clay is reduced to powder so that it can be sifted and removed as many impurities as possible to avoid cracking or bursting during cooking.

Woman with clay making a vase

Four elements allow the development of ceramics: earth, water, air and fire, it is therefore a mastery of these four elements which gives rise to the large vases to be placed on the ground , to the statues, to certain tableware (pots, plates, bowls, etc.).

For clay to become ceramic, there are several steps to follow:

  • Modeling or turning consists of taking a quantity of clay with a little water to make it more flexible to work with and making different shapes with the use of a grinder. It is at this stage that the vases for natural flowers or for artificial flowers (purchased from centrakor) begin to take shape.

    Pottery wheel making a ceramic vase
  • Casting refers to all objects made from clay, such as vases, which have undergone a transformation thanks to the action of fire.

  • Stamping allows you to add clay material to decorate and personalize the vases and give them relief.

  • The “biscuit” is produced by the first firing of the vase at 1000°C, we obtain a raw ceramic vase, at this stage the ceramic is still porous and permeable.

  • Glazing is the step where the biscuit is immersed in an enamel preparation.

  • The decoration on the so-called raw enamel corresponds to the penultimate step to personalize large decorative vases, this is done with a brush, starting from the lightest color to finish with the darkest color.

  • The so-called final firing allows the vase to be fired a second time as a final action in order to fix the enamel and its decoration.

The four main types of ceramic are: stoneware (firing at high temperatures between 1200 to 1400°C), pottery (firing at low temperatures between 800 and 900°C), porcelain (first firing at 980°C). C, a second at 1350 °C (vitrification) and a third between 820 to 860 °C), earthenware (a first firing at low temperature at 900 °C and a second between 650 and 700 °C).

The main properties of ceramics :

  • They do not conduct heat or electricity, they are considered insulating materials.

  • They resist chemical corrosion
  • They resist heat, their melting point is high
  • They are more solid

You can discover how to make a clay-based vase thanks to this very interesting video.


Describing the design of ceramic vases, we offer you these white or black twisted ceramic vases.

Original handcrafted twisted black or white ceramic vase Cute Vase


Glass and its derivatives:

- Glass

It appeared in the Neolithic period around 7000 BC, but at that time this material was initially used as tools. Around 1500 BC, the Egyptians began to design hollow glass objects, which served as containers for oils and ointments (soft medicines).

The true recipe for glass is recorded on the tablets from 658 BC. The material which makes up the glass is essentially sand which contains silicon dioxide, soda ash (composed of carbonate) is added to it. sodium) but this material makes the glass water-soluble (it can dissolve in water), to avoid this effect, calcium carbonate or limestone is added. The sand is heated to high temperatures around 1700°C, it then becomes liquid and when it cools, it becomes solid but transparent again. The large tall transparent glass vases are therefore taking shape.

glass blowing cane with

The use of the glass blowing cane appeared around 100 years before
BC, in a glassworks on the coast in Syria. This cane allows you to make large interior decoration vases that can be decorated with pampas-style decorative flowers or small glass vases that will accommodate all types of flowers.




The main properties of glass :

  • It is hard, resistant to breakage (like light bulbs)
  • It is transparent
  • It resists heat (for example Pyrex dishes which can go into high temperature ovens).

- Borosilicate glass

It appeared in the 19th century, a chemist named Friedrich Otto Schott after his studies and a doctoral thesis in glass chemistry, he developed in his childhood home this famous transparent borosilicate glass which was marketed in 1893 under the “Duran” brand. This glass will gradually be used in the manufacture of vases.

borosilicate glass laboratory equipment illustration

Transparent borosilicate glass is mainly composed of 70% to 80% silica (the 1st main component), between 7% to 13% boron trioxide (the 2nd main component), 4% to 8% oxides alkaline (the 1st stabilizer), 2% to 7% alumina (the 2nd stabilizer) and 0% to 5% other alkaline oxides. Its manufacture is identical to that of glass, the sand and its components are heated to high temperature so that they become liquid and then they are cooled.

This transparent borosilicate glass is used in different fields: in chemistry (test tube), in the nuclear industry (radioactive waste is melted in this glass and everything is then poured into stainless steel drums), in scientific laboratories ( the mirrors of telescopes), in energy (solar thermal collectors), in decoration (manufacture of vases) and also in sculpture (roses sculpted with the use of a blowtorch).

The main properties of borosilicate glass :

  • It is resistant to thermal shock (up to 300°C), water and various chemicals

  • It is dishwasher safe and can withstand corrosive products.

  • Its use is possible up to 1500°C but it must be ensured that it cools gradually.

  • It is linear elastic, that is to say it is a material whose reversible deformations are equivalent to the applied stresses.

- The crystal

It appeared in England in the 17th century, more precisely in 1782. The crystal glass of the vases is composed of potash, silica and lead. For the glass of a vase to obtain the designation crystal, it must contain at least 24% lead and its refractive index must be equal to at least 1.545. If the density of the lead is high, the material is purer and its luster is higher.

Engraved crystal glasses

The crystal is composed of three materials which are proportioned in the following way:

  • - 3 units of silica (from very fine sand in Belgium)
  • - 2 units of lead (minimum)
  • - 1 unit of Potash (from Alsace).

For glass to become crystal, there are several steps to follow (this will be a summary):

  • Preparation of the composition which is detailed in the paragraph above

  • Fusion consists of taking the composition and placing it in crucibles (a furnace is made up of approximately 12 crucibles). The crystal is melted at high temperature 1450°C for approximately 36 hours to obtain a transparent and clear crystal.

  • Hot work consists of taking “the parison” (this is the act of collecting a quantity of molten crystal) using the cane, to make your vase. The blower can take several samples which are called “picking” depending on the desired model.

  • The roughing consists of giving the mass of the crystal the desired shape by blowing into the cane while rotating it quickly in the palm of one's palms (several people are involved in the design of crystal vases )

  • Cooling consists of unhooking the vase from the cane (very delicate step) and placing it in the annealing arch which allows the piece to cool gently for three hours.

  • Three operations follow: “decalottage” (removal of the cap: the point of attachment of the blowing rod), “flettage” (regularization of the height of the vase) and “re-burning” (softening the edges of the vase which remained raw during uncapping, to soften them and prevent them from remaining sharp).

  • Last step, the passage to the decoration workshop where the vase will be finalized and cold worked.

The main properties of the crystal :

  • Its shine
  • Its sound

You can admire one of these luxurious crystal vases below.

This vase will be a subtle and refined gift that you can offer at a wedding.

Gray Ornamental Vase Luxurious Crystal Cute Vase

Iron and resin

- The iron

It appeared around the 18th century BC in an ancient city Alalakh in Turkey, the first traces of weapons are described on tablets. There is no precise period for the creation of iron, we define the iron age more in relation to the mastery of its technology. From 1000 BC, iron metallurgy developed in Greece. Around 550 BC iron metallurgy spread and covered almost all of Europe.

Blacksmith who forges iron

Iron is found in meteorites, in the cores of planets and in the core of the Earth. There are two forms of iron: mineral iron which is considered pure and which is found in large quantities in nature, terrestrial iron also called "telluric" (it comes from the soil and/or the earth), it is rarer and above all dispersed.


The iron we use is manufactured artificially by blacksmiths and steelworkers. The melting point of iron is at 1538°C, it will therefore take the desired shape by being poured into molds which will then make it possible to manufacture the vases, there will then be different shaping methods to make them shiny, colorful and diverse.

The main properties of iron :

  • It is solid and resistant much more than wood or stone
  • It is fire resistant
  • It is unalterable with maintenance

- Resin

It made one of its first appearances in 1940, it is called synthetic resin . It consists essentially of aluminum hydroxide as well as polymethyl methacrylate and natural pigments.

This “revolutionary” material is appearing in various structures such as health establishments (with floor coverings to limit infections and work surface surfaces), in construction (with the renovation of high-traffic roads), and among interior decorators and in many other fields.

More and more vases are being created using this resin, this allows for quality, resistance and a much longer duration than ceramic or glass vases which could break when dropped.

The main properties of the resin :

  • She is robust
  • It is easy to maintain
  • It has strong resistance to external aggressions
  • She is very malleable

In summary, ceramic is the material that we find everywhere around us, and thanks to this blog we were able to discover the different names given to it. Ceramics are an inexhaustible well for all inspirations. Ranging from pottery to large interior decoration vases.

Glass is an art in itself, all its derivatives enhance each interior and exterior, because we are surrounded by glass of all categories: windows, tableware, large luxury designer decorative vases , decorations of interior, lighting, etc.

Iron and resin are gradually making their way into the materials used for vases. We can be wary of the idea of ​​acquiring this type of material based on false ideas. I hope that thanks to the description given on these two materials, I have managed to change your mind and that it has made you want to acquire a vase with one of these two materials.

All these materials are there to brighten up and enhance your interior decoration . And to do so, we will discover in a future blog, how to decorate a transparent vase with sand, with artificial flowers or also with various and varied accessories.

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